One-Room School Lunch Survey

Water Crock Drinking Fountain
Water Crock Drinking Fountain

One of my on-going projects has been a survey on what people  I’ve been collecting surveys for what people really took to lunch in one-room schools. So far I’ve got 424 responses with answers coming from everywhere between Canada to Louisiana. Answers on what they took ranged from hoe cakes to ketchup sandwiches to a hot dog kept warm in a Thermos with string tied around the natural casing knot to pull it out.  I’ve also collected teaching magazines, parent magazines, and government publications talking about what you should have for school lunch.

I was surprised about how school lunch, or at least providing a hot school lunch, turned out to be a pretty political topic as it was an excuse given as one of the reasons to close one-room schools (until the Thermos made it unnecessary). I also found out that where you ate lunch turned out to be a problem, if you ate on your desk how did you get it or keep it clean? Plus, were students made to wash their hands? I’ve found a lot of interesting things.

I’ve put together a presentation what I’ve got so far, but I’m still going to be collecting surveys.

So if you went or taught in a one-room school or know someone who did, please fill out the survey and spread the word.

Lunch_Survey You can copy the questions into e-mail or mail. People who mail them get a thank you postcard of a one-room school.
Here is my latest update of Handout 4 about what I’ve learned so far.

Sarah S. Uthoff is the main force behind Trundlebed Tales striving to bring the History, Mystery, Magic and Imagination of Laura Ingalls Wilder and other greats of children’s literature and history to life for a new generation. Uthoff is a nationally known Laura Ingalls Wilder authority and has presented at five of the Wilder homesites, many conferences and numerous libraries, museums, and events around the Midwest. Attend one of her programs, schedule one yourself, watch her videos, listen to her podcast, and find her on FacebookTwitterGoogle+, LinkedIn, and Academia.edu. Professionally she is a reference librarian at Kirkwood Community College and director of the Oxford (Iowa) Public Library.

One-Room School Links

 

Greenmead One-Room School
Greenmead One-Room School

Also find the CSAA listserv, Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn.

Find more one-room school resources on my pathfinder.

And I’m always looking for more people to fill out my one-room school lunch survey.

Sarah S. Uthoff is the main force behind Trundlebed Tales striving to bring the History, Mystery, Magic and Imagination of Laura Ingalls Wilder and other greats of children’s literature and history to life for a new generation. Uthoff is a nationally known Laura Ingalls Wilder authority and has presented at five of the Wilder homesites, many conferences and numerous libraries, museums, and events around the Midwest. Attend one of her programs, schedule one yourself, watch her videos, listen to her podcast, and find her on FacebookTwitterGoogle+, LinkedIn, and Academia.edu. Professionally she is a reference librarian at Kirkwood Community College and director of the Oxford (Iowa) Public Library.

Rosenwald Schools

Unless you study the history of one-room schools or the American south you may well never have heard of Julius Rosenwald. Rosenwald was the money man behind Sears and Roebuck and was the business mind behind them that made Sears a success. The son of Jewish immigrants from Germany, Rosenwald had great fellow feeling for African-Americans who also faced discrimination. He connected with Booker T. Washington and was a strong financial supporter of the Tuskegee Institute before broadening his goals. Working with Washington, Rosenwald financed a spree of building schools for African-American children all across the South. Learn more at the links below.

10 minute interview about effect of Rosenwald Schools
http://news.wabe.org/post/learning-design-rosenwalds-rural-southern-schools

The Journal of the American Institute of Architects about effect of design of Rosenwald Schools
http://www.architectmagazine.com/design/culture/remembering-the-rosenwald-schools_o (see note below)

Rosenwald documentary
http://rosenwaldfilm.org/rosenwald

Note: This is nothing to do with Rosenwald really, but one innovation cited in the architecture article above is moveable partitions to create separate classrooms. As someone who went to a graded elementary with moveable partitions for the 4-5-6 grade, I feel compelled to speak up. I’m here to tell you that was NOT an innovation it was a TERRIBLE idea. You constantly hear the classes next to you, there is no sound dampening because it’s really a huge box of a room, and despite the fact that the rolling cabinets that made up our walls had multiple purposes (for example some of them were cabinets on one side and a white board on the back) there were just so many things you couldn’t do with them. The entire community sighed a great sigh of relief when the school finally found the money to wall them in and then replace the other wonderful design feature the flat roof – in Iowa – where it snows.

Sarah S. Uthoff is the main force behind Trundlebed Tales striving to bring the History, Mystery, Magic and Imagination of Laura Ingalls Wilder and other greats of children’s literature and history to life for a new generation. Uthoff is a nationally known Laura Ingalls Wilder authority and has presented at five of the Wilder homesites, many conferences and numerous libraries, museums, and events around the Midwest. Attend one of her programs, schedule one yourself, watch her videos, listen to her podcast, and find her on FacebookTwitterGoogle+, LinkedIn, and Academia.edu. Professionally she is a reference librarian at Kirkwood Community College and director of the Oxford (Iowa) Public Library.

Country School Conference 2015 Registration Open

26872059Republished from a message from the keyboard of Richard Lewis:

Hello Country School Enthusiasts!

Registration is now open for the 2015 Country School Association of America Conference at Skidmore College in Saratoga Springs, New York.

The Washington County Fair Farm Museum with its Perkins Hollow one room schoolhouse is hosting the Annual Conference of the Country School Association of America June 14-17, 2015.  We are pleased to bring this national event to the Washington and Saratoga County region of New York State.

The Skidmore College campus and the Washington County Fair Farm Museum will be the locations for two days of presentations and workshops on early schooling, curriculum and preservation of historic country schools.  There will also be local displays and presentations featuring area schoolhouses, the slate industry, the Ticonderoga pencil, and other related topics.  The third day bus tour will take you through the slate region of New York and Vermont while you visit seven restored/preserved country schools.

The conference is only 3 months away…. 

Make your reservations soon as Saratoga is the summer place to be! 

You have a choice of online registration or a paper registration with 2 payment options:

1)  Online registration with payment by credit card or check

2)  Paper form with payment by check

Please see the attached paper registration form for more details and register online or by mail.

Please note that when you use online registration at www.CountrySchoolAssociation.org you will have to make your selection for payment by check or credit card as indicated below.  If paying by check, you will mail it to the address provided online.

Pay by Check

We look forward to welcoming you to Skidmore College, in upstate New York in June.

Should further information be required, please do not hesitate to contact me.

 

Joan & Dale Prouty

CSAA 2015 Conference Co-chairs

dprouty@captal.net

(518) 747-3635

What is the Country School Association?

The Country School Association of America is the national association for one-room schools. It’s an interesting organization because it started having almost spontaneous conferences around the country until they formalized it with an organization. The CSAA brings together Museum volunteers, teachers, staff, faculty and students, preservationists, historians, re-enactors and interested 26872059citizen, to exchange ideas and resources. The organization holds an annual conference, provides a grant program, awards publication and video prizes, conducts surveys and publishes an electronic newsletter, all in support of the country schooling experience.

The CSAA is look for people who wish to preserve schools, create or maintain museums, promote living history programs, and allow children of all ages to experience schooling as it was many years ago. It allows seniors a chance to relive their fondest schoolhouse memories, while offering educators and writers a forum to share research. Additionally, this organization encourages research on country schooling and provides a forum for those who wish to publish their articles. The annual CSAA conference grows larger as a forum for exchanging ideas among academics, preservationists, re-enactors, and just plain history buffs. The conference site moves around every year. They try to do a Midwest location one-year (where the majority of members live) and a different part of the country the next. This year they will be in New York about an hour and a half from Malone (see below).

Currently I serve on the board. It’s a quality organization and I think the conference this year was one of the best ones ever. If you want to learn more about it, check out the information below. (Note: Some of the above text was borrowed from the CSAA homepage.)

 

Around the web:

Awards & Grants

Please be advised that all award submission material becomes the property of the Country School Association of America (CSAA) and will be retained in the CSAA archives.

CSAA Award for Scholarship and Artistry (Guidelines)

Agriculture Museum in Brookings, SD
Agriculture Museum in Brookings, SD

CSAA Preservation Grant (Guidelines)

CSAA Preservation Grant (Application)

CSAA National Schoolhouse Registry (Guidelines)

CSAA National Schoolhouse Registry (Application)

CSAA Service Award (Guidelines and Application)

CSAA Disaster Relief Fund (Guidelines and Application)

CSAA Annual Conference Financial Aid (Guidelines)

 

 

15th Annual CSAA Conference:

June 14-17, 2015

Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, New York

Brochure (Page1)

Brochure (Page 2)

 The CSAA Annual Conference draws a diverse group of participants from many different organizations, museums, academic institutions as well as cultural and heritage centers. Each year, the CSAA Annual Conference provide museum personnel, teachers, staff, faculty and students, preservationists, historians and re-enactors from across the country, with an intimate forum to exchange ideas, discuss their current activities, programs and issues with colleagues in the field. With such an energetic atmosphere, wide choice of activities, dynamic events, educational sessions and networking opportunities, you do not want to miss this.

Sarah S. Uthoff is the main force behind Trundlebed Tales fighting to bring the History, Mystery, Magic and Imagination of Laura Ingalls Wilder and other greats of children’s literature and history to life for a new generation.Attend one of her programs, schedule one yourself, watch her videos, listen to her podcast, and find her on  FacebookTwitterGoogle+,  LinkedIn, and Academia.edu. She is currently acting President of the Laura Ingalls Wilder Legacy and Research Association. Professionally she is a reference librarian at Kirkwood Community College and director of the Oxford (Iowa) Public Library.

Iowa One-Room School Workshop 2014

Exterior
Exterior

Once again it’s time for the annual one-room school workshop in Iowa. Every Fall a different location in Iowa is chosen and people from all over interested in one-room schools gather to learn more about one-room schools and tour area schools. While it’s in Iowa and hosted by Preservation Iowa, interested people from anywhere are welcome to register. The first day is presentation sessions (mostly brief highlights so there is always something different right around the corner). The second day is a tour of area one-room schools.

This year the workshop will be held in Kalona, Iowa at the Kalona Historical Village on Friday, October 10 and Saturday, October 11, 2014. The Kalona Historical Village is a multi-venue museum. They have a restored historic village, a building dedicated to local (especially Amish) history, a building of tractors and cars, and a quilt museum with a national reputation. Topics covered include: Amish one-room schools, Preserving schools through print and visual media, dealing with floods, finding country school antiques, among others.

Read the brochure and find registration information here:
Iowa Conf Brochure I-1 (Page 1)

Iowa Conf Brochure II-1

Sarah S. Uthoff is the main force behind Trundlebed Tales fighting to bring the History, Mystery, Magic and Imagination of Laura Ingalls Wilder and other greats of children’s literature and history to life for a new generation.Attend one of her programs, schedule one yourself, watch her videos, listen to her podcast, and find her on FacebookTwitterGoogle+, LinkedIn, and Academia.edu. She is currently acting President of the Laura Ingalls Wilder Legacy and Research Association. Professionally she is a reference librarian at Kirkwood Community College and director of the Oxford (Iowa) Public Library.

Red Chief Tablets

Red Chief Tablet Plant
Red Chief Tablet Plant in St. Joseph, MO

Starting in 1906, a common sight in one-room schools was the Red Chief Tablet which was lined

Big Chief Print Block
Big Chief Print Block, Big Chief Tablet Mini-Museum

rough paper in a tablet with a red cover featuring the portrait of a Native American chief. The chief was a line drawing of a Chief from the Great Plains complete with a full feathered, headdress. These were originally manufactured by the WesternTab Company in the pictured building in St. Joseph, Missouri. It was eventually bought out by Mead who kept the operation there until 2007. (Dates given on the tour of the building.) Mead found that the costs for updating the building to change manufacturing styles was cost prohibitive and they liquidated all production there. This might have partially been under pressure to be politically correct because while many Mead paper products and designs were made here, after they left the Big Chief style table was no more. This left behind an entire campus of empty buildings (besides the main building located here, there were at least two warehouse facilities on adjoining blocks). After that they considered tearing down the main building where they’d been manufactured. Instead they converted them into apartments. It still has a very industrial feel, but has a roof garden and in innovate air system that involved areas of full turf on gratings between floors creating air flow pockets.

There hasn’t been much of an effort to track the appearance, history or changes in design of Big Chief Tablets over the years. Johnny Nimmons from American Trademark Publishing says, “the Western and Westab covers Manufactured by the Western Tablet Company are the oldest dating back to 1908. The other covers were manufactured by various companies around the country with different Big Chiefs being more popular in different regions. Western became Westab and then eventually Mead and was the largest manufacturer however, Southwest and Springfield had captured a good portion of the market as well.”

Interestingly the former Mead manufacturing building sits on the middle block of a four block stretch. At one end is the Pony Express Museum. In the middle on the other side of the street is the Red Chief factory building and in the middle of the cross street in the next block on the same side as the Pony Express Museum was the little white house that Jesse James was shot in. It’s directly behind where I’m standing in the picture of the factory above. (Note: On the other side of the James house is the Pattee House Museum, a large former hotel that completely dwarfs the little house which is always shown as if in a residential street in the movies. Apparently it moved from its original location to a ring road and then later moved again to its current location about 2 blocks south of the original.)

Big Chief Tablet
Big Chief Tablet Style Cookbook Cover, Mini-Museum

Mead had stopped their production in roughly 2004, but that left one-room school museums trying to give an authentic experience up a creek. I’m happy to tell you that a company in Texas bought out the rights for the designs and restarted their production. Today they feature nine of the original designs (it changed slightly over the years) in addition to three variations of Son of Big Chief (which my brother had when he went to school in the 1980s). Find the information here:
http://www.americantrademarkpublishing.com/Big_Chief.php

Sarah S. Uthoff is the main force behind Trundlebed Tales fighting to bring the History, Mystery, Magic and Imagination of Laura Ingalls Wilder and other greats of children’s literature and history to life for a new generation.Attend one of her programs, schedule one yourself, watch her videos, listen to her podcast, and find her on  FacebookTwitterGoogle+,  LinkedIn, and Academia.edu. She is currently acting President of the Laura Ingalls Wilder Legacy and Research Association. Professionally she is a reference librarian at Kirkwood Community College and director of the Oxford (Iowa) Public Library.