Plagiarism The Internet is NOT Public Domain

This is a post I originally published on the Kirkwood Libraries blog, I recently updated it and I thought it might be worth sharing here too.

One of the topics we talk about a lot in library orientations is plagiarism. Sometimes students wonder aloud just how big a deal it is. This story shows that even if you can get away with it for awhile, when you are caught it’s a major problem.

Original Post

Here is the blog post that started it all where the writer lets everyone know she was plagiarized and what the plagiarist did about it:
http://illadore.livejournal.com/30674.html

Basically the response was one that I’ve gotten when I discovered someone had used some of my stuff without asking. Please note NONE of these statements are true.

  1. Everything on the web is fair game to be used in anyway you want.
  2. They are doing you a favor because they are sharing content that no one would see it where you had it posted. (How this is supposed to help you in any way when often they’ve taken off your name and anything that points to you is beyond me, but this is what people say.)
  3. What they did is so great you should be paying them for what they did and you are a terrible, terrible person for even questioning them.

NPR News Story about the event

http://www.npr.org/blogs/monkeysee/2010/11/05/131091599/the-day-the-internet-threw-a-righteous-hissyfit-about-copyright-and-pie?sc=fb&cc=fp

This article from NPR spells out the original situation once the plagiarism was discovered and the initial responses by both the people involved and other people who discovered the story on the Internet.

Magazine Folds

http://techland.com/2010/11/17/cooks-source-magazine-controversy-episode-3-the-editor-strikes-back/

As it was shown that the magazine had operated this way (acting as if the internet was all public domain and stealing content) for years, it was unable to stay in business as the publication and even its advertisers were swept up in a wave of angry social media. The magazine has now completely ceased operation as reported in this news article.

Statement as Reposted

Although the magazine took down its internet site, before it did it posted a statement about the situation. This text was reprinted on several sites and appears to be genuine. The copyedited version is a bit tongue and cheek, but is accurate while being funny. It’s worth a read.

http://blog.kitchenmage.com/2010/11/cooks-source-statement-slightly-corrected.html

This whole mess also drives home two points about citation as well.

  1. Just changing a few words around does not cut it. If you are using someone else’s idea you have to give them credit if it’s an academic paper or pay them if it’s anything else.
  2. Note the date you reference a website. They can disappear.

Sarah S. Uthoff is the main force behind Trundlebed Tales striving to bring the History, Mystery, Magic and Imagination of Laura Ingalls Wilder and other greats of children’s literature and history to life for a new generation. Uthoff is a nationally known Laura Ingalls Wilder authority and has presented at five of the Wilder homesites, many conferences and numerous libraries, museums, and events around the Midwest. Attend one of her programs, schedule one yourself, watch her videos, listen to her podcast, and find her on FacebookTwitterGoogle+, LinkedIn, and Academia.edu. Professionally she is a reference librarian at Kirkwood Community College and director of the Oxford (Iowa) Public Library.

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Laura Ingalls Wilder Christmas Events 2017

Three of the Laura Ingalls Wilder homesites reopen for a special Christmas event. If you get a chance, go!

Christmas Tree Ornaments
Christmas Tree Ornaments

Mansfield MO

Despite it being short, I’ve always wanted to attend the Christmas event to get a photo of me in the Rocky Ridge living room. Maybe someday….

Christmas on Rocky Ridge Farm December 3, 2017 from 6:00 – 8:00 P.M. Weather Permitting.
Free admission to the historic home featuring vintage decorations. Tunes on Pa’s fiddle. Bring YOUR camera or cell phone for pictures with Santa by Laura’s fireplace. Tastings from Laura’s own recipes. Come celebrate Christmas with us in a most special way! (NOTE*) If the parade is canceled for bad weather Laura’s Christmas will be canceled as well.

Spring Valley MN

Spring Valley Christmas Teas Dec. 2-3, 2017
Spring Valley is closed for the season at the end of October, but they reopen for Christmas teas. It is a full lunch set in a Victorian home that was built in 1888. Reservations required for the teas. Contact the museum at wilderinspringvalley@hotmail.com for reservations and more details.
http://www.springvalleymnmuseum.org/wilderevents.html

Malone/Burke NY

Christmas with Almanzo Dec. 2, 2017  11am – 3pm
Enjoy mulled cider & traditional cookies in the Wilder house with carol singing and Farmer Boy Christmas chapter readings. Readings will take place at 11:30, 12:30, 1:30, and 2:30. Plus, children’s holiday craft activities and the gift shop will be open! Free admission.
https://almanzowilderfarm.com/event/christmas-with-almanzo

Photo in Wilder Farmhouse – Courtesy of Connie Jenkins

Sarah S. Uthoff is the main force behind Trundlebed Tales striving to bring the History, Mystery, Magic and Imagination of Laura Ingalls Wilder and other greats of children’s literature and history to life for a new generation. Uthoff is a nationally known Laura Ingalls Wilder authority and has presented at five of the Wilder homesites, many conferences and numerous libraries, museums, and events around the Midwest. Attend one of her programs, schedule one yourself, watch her videos, listen to her podcast, and find her on Facebook,  Twitter,  Google+,  LinkedIn, and Academia.edu. Professionally she is a reference librarian at Kirkwood Community College and director of the Oxford (Iowa) Public Library.

Laura Ingalls Wilder Christmas Plays 2017

It’s time to get in the mood for the holidays and for many families attending a Laura Ingalls Wilder play. There are four titles that are currently running on the circuit.

  • A Laura Ingalls Wilder Christmas by Laurie Brooks
  • A Little House Christmas by James DeVita
  • Melodies and Memories of Laura Ingalls Wilder
  • A Little House Christmas at Plum Creek by Lisa Cordes

Hoover 2010 Me and Bonnet Tree

There are only so many ways to do A Christmas Carol. Let your local community or small professional theater that you’d like to see them do one of these next year! And if I’ve missed one in your neck of the woods let me know so I can add it.

First – Not Christmas

Although this isn’t a Christmas play, I had to chase it down from a reference during my search and it’s right after Christmas so I’m listing it anyway.

Laura Ingalls Wilder: Voice of the Prairie, Kathryn Schultz Miller; dir: Alan Knoll. Jan 9-Apr 8, 2018. Imaginary Theater Company St. Louis, MO
http://www.repstl.org/engage-learn/imaginary-theatre-company

Christmas Plays and Laura – An Annual Tradition

A Laura Ingalls play for Christmas continues to be an on-going tradition, but either it’s a slow year or they’re doing a worse job than normal at promoting. I didn’t find as many as usual. Remember to ask your local theater about it RIGHT NOW before they set next year’s season.

A Laura Ingalls Wilder Christmas by Laurie Brooks

If you want your local group to try it next year, check out the script and production rights. Learn the basics. Check out the author’s page.

Check out a clip from a production in 2012.

Knoxville, TN

Friday, Dec. 15 @ 7:30 p.m.
Saturday, Dec. 16 @ 2:30 p.m.
Sunday, Dec. 17 @ 2:30 p.m.

At Clayton Performing Arts Center -Pellissippi State Community College – Hardin Valley Campus, 10915 Hardin Valley Road, Knoxville, TN 37933

Tickets – $8-$12 – Available online and at the door.
To reach the Pellissippi Box Office, call 865-539-7529

http://wordplayers.org/current-season/mainstage-shows/laura-ingalls-wilder-christmas-holiday-2017
https://app.arts-people.com/index.php?show=80574
https://us.eventbu.com/knoxville/laura-ingalls-wilder-christmas/7582896

York, NE

December 5 – 9, 7:30 pm
December 10, 2:00 pm

Yorkshire Playhouse
517 N Lincoln Ave
PO Box 413
York, Nebraska

T (402) 362-7060 E yorktheater@gmail.com

https://www.yorkshireplayhouse.com/events-master/2017/12/5/laura-ingalls-wilder-christmas

“A Little House Christmas”

Check with the author for production rights. Learn more about him.

Shots from a production.

Des Moines, IA

November 3 – November 26, 2017
7:00 PM Fridays; 1:00 PM & 4:00 PM Saturdays & Sundays; ADDED SHOW: 4:00 PM, Sunday, Nov. 26

Kate Goldman Children’s Theatre
831 42nd Street
Des Moines lA 50312
MAP IT

515.277.6261

https://www.dmplayhouse.com/events/little-house-christmas

Bozeman, MT

December 2nd-December 17th, 2017

SATURDAY, DECEMBER 2, 2017-3:00PM
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2017-3:00PM
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 9, 2017-3:00PM
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 10, 2017-3:00PM
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 16, 2017-3:00PM
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 17, 2017-3:00PM

Verge Theater
2304 North 7th Ave, Suite C-1
Bozeman, MT 59715

406-587-0737
info@vergetheater.com

https://vergetheater.secure.force.com/ticket/#details_a0S37000004Jo09EAC
https://www.facebook.com/events/341368949667510/

“Melodies and Memories of Laura Ingalls Wilder”

Check out this clip from a 2009 production. No current productions found this year. Find out more if you want to put it on.

“A Little House Christmas at Plum Creek”

No current productions this year.

Sarah S. Uthoff is the main force behind Trundlebed Tales fighting to bring the History, Mystery, Magic and Imagination of Laura Ingalls Wilder and other greats of children’s literature and history to life for a new generation.Attend one of her programs, schedule one yourself, watch her videos, listen to her podcast, and find her on FacebookTwitterGoogle+,LinkedIn, and Academia.edu. She is currently President of the Laura Ingalls Wilder Legacy and Research Association. Professionally she is a reference librarian at Kirkwood Community College and director of the Oxford (Iowa) Public Library.

 

Thanksgiving

Revisit what Laura Teaches us about Thanksgiving.

Sarah's Notebook

Thanksgiving Card me and turkeyI hope everyone had a nice Thanksgiving. We had a really nice family time this year. My brother did a great deep-fat fried turkey. I also wanted to share one of my favorite Laura Ingalls Wilder quotes. It’s from a Missouri Ruralist column in which she retells the story of Mary and her fighting over whether to have sage or onion flavoring in the stuffing by Silver Lake.

“This little happening has helped me to be properly thankful even though at times the seasoning of my blessings has not been just such as I would have chosen.”

Often people seem to be hardwired to find fault rather than gratitude, so throughout the year I like to think of this quote and be thankful for my blessings, even when I would prefer a different  flavor or form.

UPDATED November 25 2017: I added my current signature block and the Thanksgiving card.

View original post 100 more words

Smile You Can Donate To Laura on Amazon Nov 2017

Amazon Smile is a program where if you sign up for it a small percentage of each purchase will go to the designated organization of your choice — but only if you’ve registered with them.

Sarah by books 1
Sarah by books 1

Amazon Smile

Amazon has created a program where if you go in through Amazon smile instead of straight a small percentage of every purchase (taken off Amazon’s share – the price you pay won’t increase) and donated to your chosen organization. Learn more about it on their FAQs. I’ve think this is a great idea.

When I found out about it I instantly looked for the Laura Ingalls Wilder homesites and none of them were listed. I got word to all the homesites about it with a hope from them to join the program, but it never heard back. So in the meantime I supported the USS Constitution aka Old Iron Sides. Two years ago I checked again because the Franklin Historical Society (before the Almanzo Wilder farm got up and running they were the prime destination in Malone, New York) publicized that they had joined the program. This time when I searched for other Laura organizations most  have joined. If you shop on Amazon, please consider going in through Amazon Smiles.

  1. Go to http://smile.amazon.com
  2. Log in to your existing Amazon account
  3. Search for the organization you want and select your organization

Amazon

 

Laura Ingalls Wilder Amazon Smile Organizations

If you search the Amazon Smiles site under the exact names listed before the dashes, you can now give a percentage to these Laura organizations in the order I found them.

  • FCHMS – Franklin County Historical and Museum Society by searching for EIN: 14-1499839 or by keyword.
  • Laura Ingalls Wilder Home Association – Mansfield MO by searching for EIN: 430949542 or by keyword.
  • Laura Ingalls Wilder Memorial Society Incorporated – De Smet SD by searching for EIN: 460309777 or by keyword.
  • Laura Ingalls Wilder Museum & Tourist Center – Walnut Grove MN by searching for EIN: 411389293 or by keyword.
  • Laura Ingalls Wilder Pageant Society – De Smet SD by searching for EIN: 237417985 or by keyword.
  • Almanzo and Laura Ingalls Wilder Association – Malone NY by searching for EIN: 141694262 or by keyword.
  • Laura Ingalls Wilder Park & Museum Inc – Burr Oak IA by searching for EIN: 237427633 or by keyword.
  • Little House on the Prairie Museum – Independence KS by searching for EIN: 480875326 or by keyword.

You can also switch your organization as often as you want to share the love around so join up with Amazon Smile today, especially before you start your Christmas shopping!

Sarah S. Uthoff is the main force behind Trundlebed Tales fighting to bring the History, Mystery, Magic and Imagination of Laura Ingalls Wilder and other greats of children’s literature and history to life for a new generation.Attend one of her programs, schedule one yourself, watch her videos, listen to her podcast, and find her on FacebookTwitterGoogle+,LinkedIn, and Academia.edu. She is currently President of the Laura Ingalls Wilder Legacy and Research Association. Professionally she is a reference librarian at Kirkwood Community College and director of the Oxford (Iowa) Public Library.

Mary Ingalls Society Report Fall 2017

A report from the Iowa School for the Blind and Sight Saving School for Fall 2017. The future of the School for the Blind building and artifacts is in doubt, but if you want to do your part to encourage continued activities in Vinton please consider a membership. If visiting the blind school is important to you, do it as soon as you can – Sarah S. Uthoff

IBSSS Mary Ingalls Society Member Sheet

Blind School from hospital
Blind School from hospital

Dear Members and Friends:

October 2017 marks the 5th year the IBSSS Mary Ingalls Society has been working with the Iowa Braille and Sight Saving School.  It is also time to renew memberships.  With that in mind we thought we would share some highlights from this past year.

  • It has been a busy year that has brought over 600 people, from many other states as well as Iowa, through the front doors of Old Main. The number includes 6 bus tours and at our October 15 “Prairie Fiddle” show in the Auditorium.
  • In October 2016, through our “Lot 31 Project”, we dedicated a monument and headstones at Evergreen Cemetery in Vinton. They now mark the graves of students from the School who had been laid to rest there in the late 1800s and early 1900s without permenant monuments.
  • October 2016 also saw us making a presentation to the Iowa Board of Regents outlining our position on the disposition of historical artifacts and records for the School in light of the Board’s decision to sell the campus property. Our focus centered on the preservation of Old Main and maintaining the historically significant items there.
  • Throughout the year we continued the work of cataloguing and preserving historic records and photos. We used grant money obtained through the Benton County Community Foundation and your generous membership gifts on the following projects.  60 VCR tapes were digitized for easier viewing and use.  Newspaper and scrap book articles dating from the 1950s through the 1980s were moved from folders in file drawers to acid free clear protective sleeves and stored in acid free boxes making them easy to view and available for use in displays and programs.  Some of these articles  accompanied us to a presentation at the State Lions Meeting in Cedar Rapids in June.  Acid free sheets for photos are now being filled to further enhance their preservation and ease of use in displays.  Additional storage boxes have also been purchased and filled with various archival materials.
  • In May 2017 we marked our second year for the Vinton-Shellsburg 6th graders to visit the campus. We are excited to tell you there are plans for the next group to visit in May 2018.  The School also hosted a group of secondary students belonging to a group called, Future Leaders of America.  Making this school connection has been a goal of ours since the beginning, and we continue to look at ways to expand our outreach to other schools in Benton County and beyond.
  • We participated in and had a display for the Rare Book event held at the Cedar Rapids Library.
  • This year has also marked a continuation of a great working relationship between the Mary Ingalls Society and the School’s alumni. They have been valuable allies in working on preservation of artifacts and have proven to be the highlights for many of our tour groups.

None of this work would have been possible without the participation of the IBSSS Mary Ingalls Society’s  members/supporters.  We sincerely thank you and invite you to renew your membership/support.  If you are not a member, we invite you to join us in this work.

Sincerely

Mary Ingalls Society

How Research Works: The Yale Goals Study

The more I work as a reference librarian, the more convinced I am that most people don’t have a good idea in their head about what the process of research looks like. Also, people have trouble telling the difference between something well researched and something not. So from time to time, I like to highlight articles that I’ve come across that do a good job explaining the process the researcher went through to get as close as possible to the truth.

I have previously posted about Clark Gable’s Undershirt and Easter Island.

The Yale Goals Study

Today’s post features an element that drives my friend Nancy Cleaveland crazy, using information because “I read it somewhere.” She even named her sock monkey Iris in honor of this frequent comment.

Oliver Burkeman and the Fast Company noticed that the Yale Goals Study was frequented cited in self-help materials, but that an official academic citation was never used. So they set out to find the study, but couldn’t….

https://www.fastcompany.com/3002763/why-setting-goals-could-wreck-your-life

For a follow up, check out the Yale University’s answer to the question. It also describes its efforts to prove or disprove the theory some of which is used in the article above, so of which isn’t.

What The Story Shows About Research

I especially appreciated:

  1. That they wanted to trace back a source.

This is one of the times when it’s important to back trace a reference. You don’t have to do this for every source you use, but the more you rely on it, the more work you should do tracing it down. References aren’t supposed to be, BUT CAN BE, a bit like playing telephone, especially when a direct quote isn’t used. Having an idea in your head you can easily grab an idea from someone else and cite it in a way they wouldn’t have. A couple of citations down the line and it can be established that someone means something that they never did or weren’t sure about or were postulating as a possibility. Even a quote can be taken out of context to shade its meaning closer to what you want. In this case a study, The Yale Study of Goals, wasn’t academically cited just passed along from one motivational speaker and/or writer to another.

2. Dig

They did a search themselves looking for both the study itself and for instances when the study was cited to trace it back.

3. Contacted Multiple People And/Or Groups

Branches of research and organizations can be very insular. Sometimes people strain to prove things that other people either already have or know about. Before you invest too much work into a topic, ASK! I can think of several times I’ve seen that happen in Laura research alone where someone had done the research and someone else came along and not knowing about the original research re-did the search. That is not always bad, sometimes you can pick up something they missed, but for basic facts it’s often a lot of unnecessary work that can they be applied to fresh subjects instead. Often even if you want to reconfirm the work it might give you locations of collections or information that you might not have thought to check so ask organizations and people first.

Sometimes an organization is just in a better position to search for information than any individual. In this case they turned to the Yale University Archivist who also involved the Yale Alumni Association. The association had access to members contact information which allowed them to quickly survey a good chunk of the class in question. They also were an organization the class members already had a relationship so they were more likely to respond to them. An individual could have done the same thing, but at the cost of a lot more research and likely a lower response rate.

4. And a Problem Analysis

They then took the idea that the non-existent survey was wrong and looked for information to support it. This is the weakest part of the article as they only give one example. Perhaps they offer more in the book? However, a single example, while illustrative, is hardly compelling and even if they didn’t take us through the full explanation of each listing a couple of more examples we could follow up on our own if we wanted to would have strengthened the piece.

Conclusion:

So let me say kudos to them for actually looking at a source and tracking it down. They did what the speakers who were building their careers on motivation should have done themselves. Although proving a negative is very difficult, this seems to pin down fairly conclusively that no such study, at least at that time and place, ever existed. The piece is much weaker in them proving that because the study didn’t exist that it was necessarily wrong in its conclusion. A further exploration of long term studies that DID exist and focused on goals would have had a lot to the strength of the piece.

Bonus: But why 1953?

There probably was a reason the person who told the story originally settled on 1953. However, putting a date on something always makes it seem real. I would bet that whenever it started the 1950s were far enough past that it worked with the story of checking later in life and it was probably in a year that ended with 3. People like round numbers and 30 years, 40 years would make it a nice figure.

Sarah S. Uthoff is the main force behind Trundlebed Tales striving to bring the History, Mystery, Magic and Imagination of Laura Ingalls Wilder and other greats of children’s literature and history to life for a new generation. Uthoff is a nationally known Laura Ingalls Wilder authority and has presented at five of the Wilder homesites, many conferences and numerous libraries, museums, and events around the Midwest. Attend one of her programs, schedule one yourself, watch her videos, listen to her podcast, and find her on FacebookTwitterGoogle+ LinkedIn, and Academia.edu. Professionally she is a reference librarian at Kirkwood Community College and director of the Oxford (Iowa) Public Library.